中文版面


華爾街:金錢萬歲(Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps)

譯者:Eunice Chu

有人提醒我,我曾說過:「貪婪是美德!」現在看來這似乎已是合法化﹣﹣Gordon Gekko

闊別23年,我期待已久的《華爾街》二之《金錢萬歲》,仍有著一部好電影的元素;讓我偷用馬龍白蘭度(Marlon Brando)的電影對白:雖然它可以很有份量,它可以是高端對手。然而,這部電影令人失望。

我對這部2010年康城電影節開幕電影《華爾街:金錢萬歲》期望很高,可以說,上集為八十年代下了定義,在「貪婪是美德」的情操下,補捉了那群身光頸靚掌管金融世界的鯊魚群,他們的人情道德。而這次電影以Money Never Sleeps(金錢永不休息)為戲名,令我更渴望進場觀看,它暗示電影會透出我們發夢也沒想到的財團策略,我期望這是一部描繪金融風暴之源的史詩式電影,揭開資本主義運作的故事。

很可惜!導演奧利華史東重返華爾街郤找不到靈感,這或許並不意外;史東,一位美國自由主義者,純粹只看到一個被貪婪所操弄的金融世界,既已把個人觀點拍了一次,再拍,就算多有格調,那還是在重覆自己。

為免重覆,史東今集以銀行業被捲入失控的旋渦為背景,但混局只是劇情的邊緣,而非故事中心。 米高德格拉斯(Michael Douglas)飾演的哥頓(Gordon Gekko)上集因內幕交易入獄,今集出獄,捲土重來,大惡棍想與左派女兒Winnie(Carey Mulligan)重修親情,女兒因不屑他過去的行為而不願相認;為了討好女兒,哥頓不惜借助女兒男友Jake Moore(Shia LaBeouf)之力,一位在華爾街嶄露頭角的炒家,並以綠色運動者自居,引以為傲。

哥頓和Jake互相利用,Jake想借助這位大鱷的內幕消息,為師傅報仇,報復銀行家Bretton James(Josh Brolin)催毀師傅的一生。導演透過哥頓推介新書《貪婪是好事嗎?》的過程,劇情圍繞這幾個角色發展,但電影最後郤變了支離破碎的家庭劇、復仇的童話、青春片及華爾街背信棄義的故事。

為了演繹戲裡的金融問題,哥頓給我們上了他的經濟學101版課程(美國大一課程),提醒學生「萬惡之首正是投機,是全球通病」(上次他運用別人的資產做炒賣,是否因此洗心革面?)他預言美國負債人產生的經濟泡沫,註定要爆破。

當泡沫真的爆發,熒光屏數字如骨牌般瘋狂下瀉,鏡頭裡出現穿著黑西裝表情肅穆的男人,他們給人的感覺儼如黑手黨的大阿哥,在爭辯銀行援助,在度橋陷敵方於死地。這就是史東對這場史上最漰壞的金融災難的想法,我感到像東拼西湊的《新聞週刊》標題。

《金錢萬歲》的手法雖然散漫,在這背後,史東手上仍有一張王牌,電影的布局與劇情舖排,旨在說明一件事:史東想講一個權謀的故事,他想問大家,哥頓有沒有「限度」?我們知道哥頓在金融市場買賣的膽略,以他珍視的東西來冒險,他究竟會走多遠?

看來,只要餵飽自己的貪婪及自我,哥頓什麼也可以做。僅贏得女兒一刻相認,為了重返華爾街那遍森林,隨手又扔掉。對哥頓這樣的人,親情與誠信,只是可有可無的籌碼,遇上重大的交易,隨時可沽出。史東最想說的是:貪婪是沒有底線的。

對一貫荷里活影迷來說,很難接受這樣悲與暗的結局,史東多年來可能已變得溫醇,電影終結時,他竟來一記逆轉,造作地舖排哥頓為女兒而作出救贖,送還綠色基金項目給Winnie,最後,儘管大衰退已展開,父女郤大團圓。

作為劇情片,我感到《金錢萬歲》過於鬆散沒發一記重拳,作為紀錄金融海嘯劫難,則過於膚淺,沒發現視野。貪婪有它的角色辦演,但危機,非由哥頓這類人的脆弱道德世界所啟動,資本主義,也非由煽情劇的遊戲規則推行運作﹣﹣它並非關於好人鬥壞人那麼簡單。它是一個極缺乏人情味,依賴流程以壯大自己,不斷為下次狂食而進行破壞及重建的餓鬼怪獸,補捉這份特質,需要一位觀點完全不同的導演。

若然你想知道大海嘯如何形成,這電影不是你那杯茶!然而,電影確實有其可取的時刻。當鏡頭跟著米高德格拉斯,哥頓的存在,儼如霸佔了整個銀幕。貪婪好不好?不好,但它有一種誘人的魅力。

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